The general restrictions imposed on borrowers by negative agreements are to prevent an issuer from issuing more debt securities until one or more sets of bonds mature. In addition, a credit firm may be prevented from paying shareholders dividends of a specified amount so as not to increase the risk of default for bondholders, since the more money paid to shareholders, the less funds available to make interest and repayment obligations to lenders. The main forms of negative alliances are included below: a bond issue contains the characteristics of the loan and the responsibilities of the issuer in a document called the cancellation of trust. The document explains the negative agreements that the bond issuer must comply with once the loan has been issued to investors. These restrictions were justified conventionally in order to protect confidential information. A simple confidential information clause cannot lead a worker to use confidential information in future employment, which alone can justify the implementation of a non-competition clause. Recently, Dyson Technologies successfully imposed a 12-month global non-compete clause to prevent one of its engineers who had access to high-level confidential information about the research and development of an electric car, so that he would not work for Tesla. A surface alliance preventing a retired physician from practicing medicine for 21 years within a 10-mile radius was confirmed as appropriate. The retired physician was relatively mobile and had the rest of the UK at his disposal to practice his skills if he had chosen to do so. He was an educated man and had been discussed separately from the terms of the partnership act. It goes without saying that such a restriction, if the family physician practices in an urban partnership, would undoubtedly be considered inappropriate. A negative confederation is an agreement that prevents a company from taking certain actions. Imagine a negative alliance as a promise to do nothing.

For example, a contract with a limited company could limit the amount of dividends the company can pay to its shareholders. It could also cap executive salaries. A negative confederation is found in employment contracts and mergers and acquisitions contracts (M-A). However, these alliances are almost always found in credit or loan documents. A negative confederation is in opposition to a positive Confederation which is a clause in a loan agreement that requires the company to take certain measures.