On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union. [28] The rules for citizens and businesses wishing to relocate, work or study in another country after the end of the transition period will depend to a large extent on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom. If an agreement is not reached, the rules and rules must be applied to third countries outside the EU. WTO rules: If countries do not have free trade agreements, they must act according to rules established by a global body called the World Trade Organization (WTO), which means taxes on goods Free Trade Agreement: that is what the EU and the UK are trying to establish – an agreement between countries that encourages trade by removing barriers such as goods taxes. the possible failure of an agreement on trade and future relations by the end of the 11-month transitional period. Before the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations. The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations.

On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned. [38] [12] The EU and the United Kingdom would trade under The terms of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and impose tariffs and non-tariff barriers. Each member must grant equal market access to all other members, with the exception of developing countries and those with free trade agreements. The end of the transition period will lead to significant changes, a deal to be reached on future relations.